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Denmark – Action plan against Antisemitism (January 2022)

In 2020, the government set up a working group to come up with proposals for how to fight Antisemitism in Denmark. Based on the working group’s proposals, the government has prepared this action plan.

The action plan reflects that there are no simple measures against the scourge of Antisemitism. The
security efforts around the Jewish institutions are an important focal point in the plan. The same is
true of efforts to raise awareness about the Holocaust and Jewish life in schools and educational

The action plan is as broad in its initiatives as it is important.


  1. More research on Antisemitism
    • Strengthened monitoring of antisemitic incidents in Denmark, inter alia on the Internet
      An annual grant of DKK 300,000 is afforded to the Jewish Community’s Department for
      Mapping and Knowledge Sharing of antisemitic Incidents (AKVAH). The grant goes to reinforce
      the existing monitoring of antisemitic incidents, including those on the Internet, as well as to
      work to support and guide people who have been exposed to an antisemitic incident.
    • Mapping the knowledge about and research into Antisemitism
      New research on Antisemitism in Denmark must be initiated. Among other things, a research
      project, which examines the current prevalence of Antisemitism, its forms of expression,
      causal factors, mechanisms of action and influences in Danish society will be initiated with the
      Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism, so that it becomes clearer where Antisemitism
      thrives in society. At the same time, current research into Antisemitism shall be mapped both
      internationally and in Denmark. The mapping will give the authorities the opportunity to assess
      the need for further research in the field in the coming years.
  2. Children and young people knowledge about the Holocaust and Antisemitism
    • Compulosry classes about the Holocaust in primary and upper secondary education
      A change is made in the primary school’s history canon, so that the existing point, the August
      Uprising and the Jewish Action 1943, is rewritten to also contain the Holocaust. The change
      will make it compulsory to teach about the Holocaust in the history subject in primary schools.
      Changes are being made to the curricula for the history subjects in the upper secondary
      educations, so that teaching about the Holocaust and other genocides is made compulsory.
    • Education and remembrance of the Holocaust and other genocides shall be promoted
      The task of promoting educational activities and remembrance of the Holocaust and other
      genocides continues and is developed. Emphasis is shifted from the preparation of materials
      to the development of student-engaged teaching activities (e.g., visiting and school services,
      Auschwitz Day, etc.) and the development of teachers’ competencies to teach the subject. The
      effort is aimed at both primary and upper secondary education.
    • Teachers must be equipped to avoid exclusion in the school
      The work of preventing hate crimes begins in school. The Danish Centre for Prevention of
      Extremism and the Absalon University College have previously developed an inspiration catalog
      for school leaders and teachers; “Democratic communities – Prevention of polarization and
      exclusion in school”. This has been done in close collaboration with the National Agency for
      Education and Quality. The inspiration catalog must now be disseminated by improving the skills
      of teachers and lecturers in the specific methods that appear in the catalog.
    • Young-to-young dialogue between denominations must be expanded
      The Ministry of Immigration and Integration offers pooled funds to civil society agents with the
      aim of expanding young-to-young dialogue between muslims, christians, humanists, atheists
      and Jews in schools all over Denmark. This is done on the basis of the experience gained partly
      from the young-to-young dialogue efforts, which have been implemented over a number of years
      to prevent honor-related conflicts, extremism, etc., and partly from the project “Your faith – my
      faith”, which offers visits on both free and primary schools of a guest teaching team consisting of
      a Jew, a Christian and a Muslim for the purpose of promoting mutual understanding and respect.
    • More information about Jewish life and culture in Denmark
      Funds are allocated to the Danish Jewish Museum to plan, set up and carry out, in collaboration
      with the country’s museums and libraries, exhibitions and debate events on Danish-Jewish
      cultural history. Furthermore, funds are set aside for an initiative aimed at young people, where
      the country’s folk high schools, libraries, museums, information associations, youth and sports
      organizations, etc. are encouraged to contribute with teaching courses, information initiatives
      and knowledge dissemination with a focus on raising young Danes’ awareness of Danish-Jewish
      cultural history and life.
  3. Preventing Antisemitism in particular Environments
    • Specialized counseling courses on Antisemitism and prevention
      Danish Center for the Prevention of Extremism strengthens the specialized counseling for
      municipalities, schools, educational institutions, housing organizations, associations and
      others. In relation to schools and educational institutions, the counseling will take place in close
      collaboration with the Ministry of Children and Education and the Ministry of Higher Education
      and Science. The counseling will have a special focus on the environments, both online and
      offline, where Antisemitism thrives.
    • Strengthened police training in preventing radicalization and Antisemitism
      The Danish Security and Intelligence Service (PET) will strengthen and further develop the
      training efforts towards specialized police professional staff and civilian preventers. This must
      be done so that employees are better equipped to plan, carry out and follow up on conversations
      with radicalized individuals. The purpose is to motivate those involved to take part in a
      preventive program, which over time, if possible, will make them distance themselves from
      radicalized and extremist environments.
  4. Protection of Danish Jews and Jewish institutions
    • Maintaining necessary security efforts to protect Jews and Jewish institutions
      The continuing serious terrorist threat, including targeting Jews and Jewish targets, shows that
      there is still a need to maintain and support security measures and guarding in order to protect
      Jews and Jewish institutions. The action plan ensures that the necessary level of security around
      Danish Jews and Jewish institutions is maintained in the future.
  5. Strengthened focus on better guidance in connection with Antisemitic incidents in schools and workplaces
    • Appointment of national coordinator to combat Antisemitism
      A national coordinator is appointed with responsibility for coordinating the Danish efforts
      against Antisemitism, including ensuring the implementation of the action plan’s initiatives and
      follow-up when the initiatives have been implemented. The coordinator will also have to follow
      the work of combating Antisemitism under the auspices of the EU and have regular contact with
      the Jewish community in order to uncover the perceived Antisemitism among those who are
      exposed to it. The national coordinator will be a high-ranking employee of the Ministry of Justice.
    • Training of supervisors in the Danish Working Environment Authority on Antisemitism and offensive acts against other religious minorities in the workplace
      The Danish Working Environment Authority’s supervisor must be equipped to identify Antisemitism and offensive acts against religious minorities in the workplace. This will ensure that the supervisors respond quickly when there are signs of abusive actions against religious
  6. Foreign Policy Focus on Combating Antisemitism
    • Increased focus on Antisemitism through dialogue with other countries
      In the future, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will increase its focus on Antisemitism as part of
      the efforts of the special unit for freedom of religion and belief, which the Ministry of Foreign
      Affairs launched in 2018, and which addresses issues of freedom of religion and belief and
      persecuted religious minorities in its bilateral dialogues with other countries. An increased focus
      on Antisemitism in foreign policy will be in line with the need for a new and value-based Danish
      foreign and security policy strategy, which is expected to focus on Danish values, including the
      advancement of democracy, human rights, equality, law and duty and committed communities.
    • Increased Danish involvement in the IHRA collaboration
      Denmark will strengthen its participation from all relevant ministries, including the national
      coordinator for Antisemitism, in the work of the international forum International Holocaust
      Remembrance Alliance (IHRA).
    • International celebration of the 80th anniversary of the rescue of the Danish Jews
      A major international celebration will be held in 2023 of the 80th anniversary of the rescue of
      the Danish Jews. Such a celebration will focus on how the society can prevent genocide and
      promote the right to free thought and the practice of religion. There will also be a focus on
      disseminating research into the processes leading up to genocide. In continuation of this, the
      website folkedrab.dk, where one i.a. finds knowledge about the killing of minorities around the
      world, shall be maintained and updated.